The Laredo Licensed U.S. Customs Brokers Association, Inc.

LLUSCBA Attorney's Message

Thompson, Coe, Cousins & Irons, L.L.P.

Attorneys and Counselors

Brian Hensley

Los Angeles
New Orleans
Saint Paul

February 18, 2020

Baldemar Garcia, Jr.

Person Whitworth Borchers & Morales, LLP

602 East Calton Road, 2nd Floor
Laredo, Texas 78041

Re: Cause No. 2019CVK002390D1; Arturo Dominguez v. Raul S. Villarreal et al.;In the 49th Judicial District Court, Webb County,Texas County, Texas.

Dear Baldemar:

Pursuant to Texas Rule of Civil Procedure 11, this letter is written to memorialize our clients' agreement announced to the Court on January 8, 2020 in the above referenced case. This written agreement includes additional details not announced to the Court, but subsequently negotiated and agreed to by our clients.

Prior to the conclusion of the hearing on Plaintiff's Motion for Temporary Injunction and before any rulings from Judge Lopez, and in exchange for the agreements announced on the record and in this correspondence, Plaintiff Arturo Dominguez agreed to dismiss with prejudice his lawsuit including all his claims for declaratory and injunctive relief against Raul Villarreal. Mr. Dominguez's dismissal also terminated the injunctive relief in the December 3, 2019 Temporary Restraining Order; allowing the Laredo Licensed U.S. Custom Brokers Association ("LLUSCBA") to resume work on behalf of LLUSCBA members. While the parties continue to disagree regarding several issues regarding the legitimacy of the nomination and election process for the 2020-2021 LLUSCBA Officers and Board of Directors, these issues will be resolved outside of litigation and in accordance with the LLUSCBA Bylaws. Specifically, the parties agreed to the following material terms:

1. Pursuant to Article VI, Section 5 of the Bylaws, Mr. Dominguez will deliver a written request for a special meeting signed by ten Members in good standing to LLUSCBA President Monica Salinas. The stated purpose of the special meeting will be for the members to vote on the following: Whether the previously elected Board should resign, namely,

  • Monica Salinas Ramos, President
  • Bo Burge, Vice-President
  • Juan D. "Davo" Gonzalez, Secretary
  • Jose D. Martinez, Treasurer
  • Raul S. Villarreal, Past President / Chairman
  • Jose D. "JD" Gonzalez, Board Member
  • Olga Cantu, Board Member
  • Victor Gonzalez, Board Member
  • Dalia Moncivais, Board Member,

The Bylaws of the association intend a two-year term for the Officers and Board of Directors and there is no provision for early removal from office. In any event, the Officers and Board of directors proudly serve at the pleasure of the members. In this respect, the Officers and Board of directors have agreed to resign if a majority of the members present at the special meeting vote for their resignation. Should the Officers and Board of directors resign, it would create an unprecedented vacancy that would create the need for an election to fill the vacant Board seats.

The officers and directors identified above may nonetheless be nominated as candidates for the new election of officers and Board of Directors.

2. It is understood and agreed if voted on by a majority of the members present at the special meeting, the current Board's resignation would become effective at the time of the election to enable LLUSCBA to continue to function and conduct business between the special meeting and new election.

3. All LLUSCBA members in good standing and eligible to vote in October 2019 will be permitted to vote at the special meeting.

4. Members will only be permitted to vote at the special meeting in-person, no proxy votes shall be accepted. No email voting will be allowed. Further, because the Bylaws do not address whether a quorum is necessary for a special meeting, no quorum will be required for the special meeting.

5. The ballots will be bates stamped to ensure the number of ballots cast matches the number of eligible votes in attendance.

6. Each party will be entitled to present their arguments for and against the resignation of the current Board and whether a new election should be held.

7. The parties can campaign and solicit support for their position prior to the special meeting, but campaigning by e-mail is specifically prohibited.

8. If the members present at the special meeting vote in favor of board resignation, creating a vacancy and the need for an election of 2020-2021 Board of Directors, the election and nomination procedures will be scheduled at a later date.

It is expressly understood and agreed that Mr. Dominguez's prior attempted request for a special meeting "to vote if we have a new election or not", served on the Board on January 15, 2020 was not a valid request as it was made prematurely and prior to finalizing the written agreement between the parties. It is further agreed that the prior attempted request for a special meeting shall not serve as grounds for any claim or suit against the Association, Board or individual Board members.

Upon execution of this Agreement, Mr. Dominguez shall send the Board a request for a special meeting signed by ten Members in good standing with the stated purpose as stated in Paragraph 1 of the material terms above.

If the above accurately sets forth the parties' agreement, please sign where indicated below and return a copy of the signed letter to me for my file. If I have somehow misstated our agreement, please contact me immediately to discuss,

Thompson, Coe, Cousins & Irons, L.L.P.

Attorneys and Counselors

Brian Hensley

Los Angeles
New Orleans
Saint Paul

December 27, 2019

Monica Salinas
President, LLUSCBA
Raul S. Villarreal
Chairman, LLUSCBA
1 W End Washington St. P3
Laredo, TX 78040

Re: Arturo Dominguez v. Raul S. Villarreal, President, Laredo Licensed U.S. Customs Brokers Association, Inc. and International Bank of Commerce, Laredo, Texas; Cause No. 2019-CVK-002390-D1; In the 49th District Court of Webb County, Texas.

Dear Ms. Salinas and Mr. Villarreal:

          Thompson Coe has been retained by your insurance company USLI to represent the Laredo Licensed U.S. Customs Brokers Association, Inc. and Raul S. Villarreal in connection with the above matter. Although not a named party, USLI retained this firm to represent the interests of the Laredo Licensed U.S. Customs Brokers Association, Inc. (hereinafter “LLUSCBA” or the “Association”) as the injunctive relief sought in Mr. Dominguez’s petition directly and adversely impacts LLUSCBA. Thompson Coe’s representation is limited to the specific matter described. We have not been retained, and expressly disclaim any obligation, to provide business, services, representation or advice regarding any other matter not identified in this paragraph. This agreement will govern any subsequent engagements between the parties unless a separate agreement is executed.


          The lawsuit brought by Arturo Dominguez arises out of his allegations that the Association and in particular, Raul Villarreal, violated the LLUSCBA bylaws in the nomination and election of its current board. It is important to point out that Mr. Dominguez did not complain or challenge the nomination or election process until after he submitted his nominations past the deadline. Though not entirely clear from his pleading, Mr. Dominguez seems to assert the following actions constituted a violation of the Association’s bylaws:

1. Nomination deadline at close of business on August 30, 2019 – Mr. Dominguez asserts that because ballots are to be sent to members thirty (30) days prior to the annual meeting and election, requiring nominations on or before August 30, 2019 (sixty days before the election) constituted a violation of the bylaws. Notwithstanding this assertion, Article VIII, Section 2 of the bylaws require the nominating Committee file its report of nominations for the officers of the Association to the Secretary who in turn shall deliver the ballot with a proxy form to each regular member “not later than 30 days prior to the annual meeting.” The bylaws do not provide a deadline or timeline for when nominations must be submitted to the nomination committee. We understand the Nominating Committee Chairperson, Rodolfo Delgado, requested the nomination deadline to provide himself sufficient time to certify the nominees were qualified and prepare his report to the Secretary. Nothing in the bylaws prohibits the nomination deadline.

2. Nominations by Slate – Mr. Dominguez also asserts that requiring nominations by slate violated the bylaws. He theorizes that because the bylaws do not specifically call for nominations by slate, doing so constitutes a violation. The bylaws are silent as to how nominations shall be submitted. While the bylaws govern the Association and Article VIII specifically governs elections, the bylaws are not designed to govern every procedure and policy utilized by the Association to conduct business in accordance with its bylaws. If this were the case, the bylaws would be hundreds of pages detailing every action of the Association. A policy or procedure of the Association not specifically addressed in the bylaws does not constitute a violation of the same.

3. Mr. Dominguez’s nominations received after the deadline – Mr. Dominguez admits he failed to provide his nominations by the close of business, August 30, 2019 deadline, however, he argues that the rejection of his nominations by the Nomination Committee as untimely violated the bylaws. We find no support for this argument in the bylaws.

4. Voting by e-mail – Mr. Dominguez argues that allowing members to submit votes by e-mail and not casting votes in person at the annual meeting violated the bylaws. The bylaws do not prohibit voting by e-mail nor do they require votes be cast in person at the annual meeting. Instead, the bylaws provide “the Officers and Directors . . . shall be elected prior to the annual meeting or any adjournment thereof.” See Art. VIII, Section 1 (emphasis added). Mr. Dominguez continues to take the position that if not specifically elaborated in the bylaws, the procedure is not allowed. What his petition fails to address is the bylaws do not specifically state that ballots must be cast in person or at the annual meeting. The bylaws only provide that the officers and directors shall be elected prior to the annual meeting or any adjournment thereof. Accepting votes by email before the annual election did not violate the bylaws. Moreover, the Association has received votes by e-mail for the last four (4) election cycles. This only became an issue with Mr. Dominguez this year after he failed to timely provide his nomination slate.

5. Special Meeting to hold new election – Finally, Mr. Dominguez complains that Raul Villarreal ignored his request to call a special meeting and hold a new election. The purpose enumerated in his request, to void the election and hold a new election, is not an action contemplated by the bylaws. The bylaws call for a single election every two (2) years to elect officers and directors. That election was completed on October 30, 2019. To allow a “re-do” of the election because Mr. Dominguez did not agree with the results would not only violate the bylaws, but also set an unmanageable precedent for the Association moving forward.


          Arturo Dominguez filed a lawsuit against Raul Villarreal and the International Bank of Commerce, Laredo, Texas (“IBC”) seeking declaratory relief and injunctive relief. Mr. Dominguez requests the Court to construe the bylaws of the LLUSCBA and declare the nomination and election of 2020-2021 officers void. Mr. Dominguez further requests the Court declare the 2020-2021 officers are not authorized to act on behalf of the Association or access and spend its funds.

          Within hours of filing his petition and without providing Mr. Villarreal or the Association an opportunity to respond or participate at the hearing, Mr. Dominguez sought and obtained an ex parte Temporary Restraining Order (“TRO”) which for all practical matters prohibits the Association, its officers or Mr. Villarreal from conducting LLUSCBA business. Specifically, the TRO prohibits the Association, its officers and Mr. Villarreal from:

1. Withdrawing or spending any funds of the LLUSCBA on deposit at IBC or any other financial institution;

2. Entering into any contracts on behalf of the LLUSCBA;

3. Transacting any business on behalf of the LLUSCBA; and

4. Representing the interests of the LLUSCBA.

          A strict interpretation of the Restraining Order prohibits the Association from paying its employee; paying monthly operating costs (rent, internet service); monitoring and providing vital notifications to the Members’ custom brokers businesses; and planning and preparing for scheduled seminars and industry related activities.

          Unless Mr. Dominguez agrees to withdraw or otherwise modify the TRO’s prohibitions, they will remain in effect until State District Judge Joe Lopez hears this matter on January 7, 2020 at 9:00 a.m. in the 49th Judicial District Courtroom located at the Webb County Justice Center, 1110 Victoria St., Suite 304, Laredo, Texas 78040. At the January 7, 2020 hearing, Judge Lopez will decide whether the TRO should be turned into a Temporary Injunction through the pendency of this litigation; whether the restrictions should be lifted; or whether the restrictions should be modified. While we are confident the law and the bylaws favor the Association, please understand the possibility exists that the Judge could grant a Temporary Injunction that prohibits the Association from conducting its business through the pendency of this litigation. Surprisingly, Mr. Dominguez named only Mr. Villarreal in his lawsuit, however, all of the relief he requests and the potential harm that will result impacts the Association directly.


          Thompson Coe will use its available resources to represent you. I will have overall responsibility for this representation. Generally, we try to assign responsibilities and tasks based on the degree of experience and expertise required for a particular project or aspect of a matter. We may also utilize our paralegals and other support staff as needed. In doing so, we strive to handle your representation in a manner that is as efficient and economical as possible. Designation of the persons who will work on the matter is at the sole discretion of Thompson Coe, although Thompson Coe agrees to make reasonable attempts to satisfy your preferences.


          All communications between you and Thompson Coe are strictly confidential. Throughout the course of our representation, we will be analyzing and reporting all material information to both you and to USLI, unless you instruct us otherwise.


          Because the outcome of any contested legal proceeding, dispute or negotiation is inherently unpredictable, Thompson Coe makes no representations or warranties as to the outcome of this matter. Any expressions on our part concerning the probable outcome of this matter will reflect our best professional judgment. However, any such expressions are not guarantees, and are limited by our knowledge of the facts and based on the state of the law at the time they are expressed.


          To enable us to provide effective representation, you agree to: (1) disclose to Thompson Coe, fully and accurately and on a timely basis, all facts and documents that are or might be material or that we may request; (2) apprise Thompson Coe on a timely basis of all developments relating to the representation that are or might be material; (3) attend meetings, conferences, and other proceedings as necessary; (4) inform us of any changes in your address or other contact information; and (5) otherwise cooperate fully with us.


          You may terminate Thompson Coe’s representation at any time, with or without cause, by notifying us, however you should consult with USLI before doing so as it may affect rights under your insurance policy.

          The ethical rules governing attorneys either require or allow us to withdraw from representing you in certain circumstances, including but not limited to your non-payment of fees or expenses, your misrepresentation of or failure to disclose material facts, actions contrary to our advice, and conflicts of interest with another client. If our withdrawal becomes necessary, we will give you reasonable notice under the circumstances. If we elect to withdraw, you agree to cooperate with us by executing any documents necessary to evidence the termination of our representation, in court or otherwise.


          Thompson Coe’s current policy, which is subject to change without notice, is that when our engagement on a matter concludes, we close the file, send it to off-site storage, hold it for five years, and then have it destroyed. If you wish to take possession of any portion of the file belonging to you before its destruction, please notify us in writing and we will send that portion to you. We presently intend, but are not required, to send you a letter reminding you of this policy when the matter is concluded.


          Except as otherwise stated herein, this agreement shall be construed under and in accordance with the laws of the State of Texas. All obligations to the parties are performable in the State of Texas.

          We look forward to representing you in this matter. Finally, please let me know if you have any questions or concerns whatsoever about the forgoing terms or our representation in this matter.


Brian Hensley
Contract Partner

Click on file names to download and view documents:

2019.12.03 Temporary Restraining Order.pdf

2019.12.03 Plaintiff's Original Petition and Application for Temporary Restraining Order.pdf

2019.12.03 Verification and Affidavit in Support of Application for Temporary Restraining Order.pdf

2019.12.12 Extended TRO.pdf

President’s Statement

Dear LLUSCBA Member:

Our association is stronger than ever with 128 regular members like you. The current LLUSCBA officers and board of directors work for you on an almost daily basis. It is now time to elect officers and board of directors for the 2020-2021 term. 

In response to a recent allegation about an unfair nomination process for the 2020-2021 LLUSCBA officers and board of directors, I  am putting forth this statement in which I explain our nominations process

1. Why are elections being held in October? 

The LLUSCBA bylaws outline the process for elections.  There shall be an annual meeting of the association at such time and place as the President shall designate (Article VI, Section 1). Historically, elections have been held during our association meeting for October.  I, Raul Villarreal, as President, have designated October 30, 2019 as the annual meeting. Officers shall be elected prior to the annual meeting or any adjournment thereof (Article VIII, Section 1). 

One allegation is that the annual meeting and election must take place in December.  Respectfully, I find no merit and no support for requiring a December election.

2. What is the LLUSCBA nomination process?

The LLUSCBA nomination process is outlined in our bylaws. Bylaws are the most important rules that govern our association. Bylaws can't be changed unless you, our members, get previous notice of any proposed change and a large majority is required to enact any proposed change. Bylaws are so important that they can't be suspended even by a unanimous vote. The process for nominations detailed in our bylaws cannot be amended, replaced, or circumvented. 

The LLUSCBA bylaws require that the nominating committee shall file its report of nominations for the officers of the association to the Secretary. Since the members must receive the notification from the Secretary by September 30, 2019 (30 days prior to the annual meeting of October 30, 2019), the nominating committee must act sooner (Article VIII, Section 2).

The nominating committee as a matter of policy has sole discretion in the nominations process. This process and discretion end upon submitting nominations to the Secretary. After consultation with the board and committees at a monthly board meeting, the nominating committee chose to solicit nominations from all members via email. An email went out to all members requesting nominations at the LLUSCBA office by COB on August 30, 2019. Nobody challenged the wording of the email prior to the deadline.

One nomination for each position was timely received (Thursday August 29, 9:40 am in person at LLUSCBA office) and one nomination for each position was received after the deadline (Friday August 30, 9:46pm via email). Rodolfo Delgado, Nominating Committee chair, submitted nominations to the Secretary. He included only the nominations received before the deadline. Upon learning that the deadline had passed, and some nominations were untimely, the entire nominations process went under attack as a violation of the bylaws.

The allegation was not elaborated in any detail. Simply a blanket accusation of a “violation of bylaws.” As President, I prepared and presented these facts to three professionals experienced in association elections and bylaws. The identities of the nominations were not disclosed as they were not relevant to the analysis. Unanimously,  Ed Greenburg (Legal Counsel for National Customs Brokers and Forwarders Association of America “NCBFAA”), Amy Slavko (Nominations Chairperson for NCBFAA) and Miguel Conchas (President of the Laredo Chamber of Commerce) each concluded that the nomination process that was followed did not violate LLUSCBA Bylaws.

Our bylaws require that the Secretary deliver the ballot with a proxy form to each regular member not later than 30 days prior to the annual meeting (Article 8, Section 2).  LLUSCBA Secretary Brenda Medina timely emailed the ballot with a proxy form to each regular member on September 27, 2019.

The nomination process that we followed is consistent with prior years and it complied with our bylaws. Despite the unfounded allegations of an unfair process, we must move forward with the election as scheduled. 

3. Why does the ballot include a write-in space?

The board previously voted to use the same format as the prior ballot from 2017. Prior LLUSCBA election ballots include a write-in option. We are currently reviewing whether the write-in option is consistent with our bylaws.

4. Can the ballot with a proxy form be submitted to LLUSCBA via email?

Our bylaws state that elections shall be by majority vote; eligible members may vote by written proxy (Article VIII, Section 3). Our bylaws do not address paper versus electronic communications. As technology has advanced, our association has transitioned from paper or fax communications to email for just about everything (notices of meetings, electronic registration for events and seminars, and even for new member registrations). In fact, the late nominations came in via email.

Furthermore, for at least the last five elections, members have been given the option to submit their ballot with a proxy form to the association office prior to the day of the election.  In the last three elections, the email soliciting votes specifically offered the option of submitting the form via email. Link to evidence to previous years emails

There is an allegation that LLUSCBA cannot receive ballots early or by email. I do not believe there is any legitimate reason to prevent early voting by email. 

I will leave this to each member’s discretion on how to submit their vote. If you choose to submit your vote by email, please send it directly to All ballots received by email will receive a reply confirming receipt.

You may also choose to submit your ballot in person at the LLUSCBA office no later than Tuesday 29th of October, 2019 at 5:00 pm. 

Thank you for being an active member of our association. United, we are all working  on common goals of education and advocacy in the customs broker industry. As the 2018-2019 LLUSCBA officers and board of directors wind down their term in office, I humbly ask that you exercise your right to vote.

I look forward to seeing each of you at our annual meeting on October 30, 2019.


Raul S. Villarreal
LLUSCBA President 2018-2019
October 3, 2019


Four of the last five LLUSCBA elections were held in October.

  • November 29, 2017 for 2018-2019 due to Southern Border Conference being hosted in Laredo October 25-28
  • October 28, 2015 for 2016-2017
  • October 30, 2013 for 2014-2015
  • October 26, 2011 for 2012-2013
  • October 28, 2009 for 2010-2011

 Evidence of previous years emails 

Statement in PDF format if you wish to download it

The Laredo Licensed U.S. Customs Brokers Association, Inc. Laredo, TX 78040--Copyright © 2019 All Rights Reserved

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